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The island served as an Arab port before Vasco da Gama visited in and finally the Portuguese established a port and naval base here. The chapel of Nossa Senhora de Baluarte built in is considered to be the oldest non-indigenous building in the southern hemisphere. The island was Mozambique’s first capital. The fascinating mix of African, Arab and European culture and history is displayed in the churches and mosques, beautiful colonial buildings with thick walls and small traditional houses, the imposing fort, the old Portuguese houses some dating back to the sixteenth century , the well-maintained, interesting museums and above all in the local population, their culture and their incredibly varied faces. There is a colourful and vibrant feel to the island with all the hustle and bustle; yet you can still feel the charm, sophistication and culture. More and more guest houses and small boutique hotels are being opened in restored buildings, offering comfortable and charming accommodation at varied but not expensive prices. These rehabilitation activities are contributing to the gradual restoration of the island’s former splendours. Pemba to Ilha is km and takes almost 6 hours by road.

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Tonnage tons Hulk Originally a large ship used either as a transport or for carrying merchandise, particularly in the Mediterranean where hulks ranged up to about tons. It was contemporary with the carrack and occasionally described as such. In general, any large and unwieldy ship of simple construction with a rounded bow and stern was described as a hulk.

Tattoo: Tattoo, permanent mark or design made on the body by the introduction of pigment through ruptures in the skin. Sometimes the term is also loosely applied to the inducement of scars (cicatrization). Tattooing proper has been practiced in most parts of the world, though it is rare among populations.

Best suited for couples, young professionals and ‘young at heart’ travellers, the Explorer trips are 7 day cruises departing every Saturday from Split and Dubrovnik on our Premier and Premier Plus ships. Travelling down the coast of Croatia, your boat will visit the beautiful islands of Hvar stopping at both Stari Grad or Jelsa and Hvar Town, giving you more time on this popular island with some of the most exclusive cafes and bars on the Adriatic.

We also visit Korcula – the birthplace of Marco Polo – which provides more opportunities to soak up history and culture with renaissance cathedrals and ancient monuments. We take in the amazing salt lakes and natural beauty of the Mljet National Park and the highest mountains on the Med – the Makarska Riviera. Along the route your Captain will regularly moor up in small, unspoilt bays to allow you the chance to swim in the clear, calm waters of the Adriatic.

Breakfasts and lunches are freshly prepared for you daily by our onboard chef.

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Cro-Magnon France 27, , Note: Artifactual evidence indicates that modern humans were in Europe by at least 40, and possibly as early as 46, years ago. Dating of the earliest modern human fossils in Asia is less secure, but it is likely that they were present there by at least 60, years ago and possibly , years ago. It would seem from these dates that the location of initial modern Homo sapiens evolution and the direction of their dispersion from that area is obvious.

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See Article History Tattoo, permanent mark or design made on the body by the introduction of pigment through ruptures in the skin. Sometimes the term is also loosely applied to the inducement of scars cicatrization. Tattooing proper has been practiced in most parts of the world, though it is rare among populations with the darkest skin colour and absent from most of China at least in recent centuries.

Decoration is perhaps the most common motive for tattooing. Tattoos have also been found on Egyptian and Nubian mummies dating from approximately bce. Their use is mentioned by Classical authors in relation to the Thracians, Greeks, Gauls, ancient Germans, and ancient Britons.

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Missing Air Crew Website and Yap: The driving force behind these modern day expeditions to Yap is Patrick Ranfranz and his website, www. Over the past several years, numerous American military aircraft have been located, documented and identified both on the island and in the waters surrounding the island. Through the terrific efforts by Patrick and members of his group, numerous Missing In Action cases have been discovered and solved, bring comfort and closure to the families of these brave American aviators who were lost during the war.

For anyone who has a love of aviation history, WWII history or a desire to assist in locating and solving some of the many Missing In Action cases from past wars, donations to this organization would serve as a wonderful tribute to our brave soldiers and airmen who gave their lives for our country. I implore anyone with an interest in history to visit this website and contribute what you can to assist in the quest to solve some of the mysteries of our military past, and help to bring closure to the families of these fallen soldiers and airmen.

An Islander is a person of the ocean who always has one foot in the water and the other on the land. The sea is like a tonic without which the Islanders cannot live happily – the sea is their life.

Pre-colonial history[ edit ] The earliest settlers were probably Lapita culture people from the Southeast Solomon Islands or the Vanuatu archipelago. The Saudeleur centralized form of absolute rule is characterized in Pohnpeian legend as becoming increasingly oppressive over several generations. Arbitrary and onerous demands, as well as a reputation for offending Pohnpeian deities, sowed resentment among Pohnpeians. The Saudeleur Dynasty ended with the invasion of Isokelekel , another semi-mythical foreigner, who replaced the Saudeleur rule with the more decentralized nahnmwarki system in existence today.

The tribes were organized on a feudal basis. In theory, “all land belonged to the chiefs, who received regular tribute and whose rule was absolute. Tribal wars included looting, destruction of houses and canoes and killing of prisoners. The first lengthy description of the island and its inhabitants is presented by the Russian explorer Fyodor Litke , whose ship Senyavin gave the island group of Pohnpei, Ant and Pakin its name.

From 14 to 19 January , his boats attempted to land but could not due to the hostility shown by the islanders, but natives then came aboard his ship, “some trading occurred, a short vocabulary was compiled, and a map made. Eagleston of the barque Peru sighted the island on 3 January it was already on his charts as “Ascension Island;” Riesenberg writes that it is uncertain who first called it Ascension Island, but the name became established until the Spanish period.

Archaeology

See Article History Tattoo, permanent mark or design made on the body by the introduction of pigment through ruptures in the skin. Sometimes the term is also loosely applied to the inducement of scars cicatrization. Tattooing proper has been practiced in most parts of the world, though it is rare among populations with the darkest skin colour and absent from most of China at least in recent centuries. Decoration is perhaps the most common motive for tattooing. Tattoos have also been found on Egyptian and Nubian mummies dating from approximately bce.

To help those of you who may share my passion of ships & sails but may not have done much sailing of your own, I have compiled the list below to help you to understand the differences between different types of sailing vessels.

It is believed that this village came about due to the bloodlines of the families that established the village. Population As of the US Census, the village population was 1, Village officials The current mayor is John A. Cruz, elected into office in It is considered the first European city in the Pacific because of the early colonization of the Marianas, as compared to the rest of the Pacific.

It was declared a city by a Spanish royal decree March 30, as the capital of the Marianas, the residence of the Spanish governor and the site of the garrison.

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A healthy diet and lifestyle are the best preventative measures against diabetes, as they reduce the risk of its leading comorbid cause: Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar hyperglycemia due to insufficient secretion of insulin or insensitivity to this hormone. High levels of blood sugar can lead to severe consequences, including organ failure, loss of sight, neuropathy, coma, and even death.

In , this country, located just east of the continent of Australia , was afforded the status of being a “special collectivity” of France. With roots dating back to the days of French colonialism, the current populace is made up of a mix of Kanak the indigenous people of New Caledonia , Europeans, and Polynesians, as well as many of Southeast Asian descent.

Perhaps one of the reasons behind the country’s high rate of diabetes is its limited domestic agricultural industry, which has resulted in making it harder for local residents of this tropical locale to have adequate access to a varied, healthy diet.

Oceanic art and architecture after European contact Effects of European contact. The earliest Westerners to explore the Pacific Ocean undertook their dangerous voyages with firm determination to discover wealth in one form or another. Except in rare cases, .

Oceanic art and architecture after European contact Effects of European contact The earliest Westerners to explore the Pacific Ocean undertook their dangerous voyages with firm determination to discover wealth in one form or another. Except in rare cases, they had no lively curiosity about the islanders. They engaged neither their interests nor their skills in recording island life; indeed, their visits were often too brief to leave time for observations. Tense and even hostile encounters were frequent and must have further distorted the mutual views of those involved.

They reveal that in general the material culture they witnessed was approximately the same as was recorded and collected by the late 18th-century explorers and their successors. Thus it seems that, in many parts of the Pacific, material culture had reached a settled state by the 16th century and remained conservative for two more centuries. Then, in the 18th century, contact with European collectors began to stimulate changes in some areas of Oceania , including the outright faking of antiquities and the adaptation of traditional forms to European fancy.

The islanders also began the manufacture for sale of favourite collectibles, such as stone adzes and weapons. Such adaptation of production has continued and remains in practice today.

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The first settlers brought with them a language that was fundamentally African. During this time, the language evolved and became fragmented until it developed into the present day languages of Melanesia. After arriving in Australia and New Guinea about 50, years ago, the settlers evolved in relative isolation, developing unique genetic characteristics and technology. Until recently, archaeologists had believed that Polynesian people came from Taiwan. Indeed, recent studies of DNA in Taiwan have provided some very interesting conclusions about the origins of the Polynesian and Melanesian people.

Pohnpei “upon (pohn) a stone altar (pei)” (formerly known as Ponape or Ascension) is an island of the Senyavin Islands which are part of the larger Caroline Islands group. It belongs to Pohnpei State, one of the four states in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Major population centers on Pohnpei include Palikir, the FSM’s capital, and Kolonia, the capital of Pohnpei State.

Aerial view of Fiji’s Treasure island. Wherever you go, locals will holler Bula in welcome. Its literal meaning is “life,” and means anything from hello, goodbye, welcome, love and more. Fijians also say “bula” when someone sneezes in the same way we say bless you. Say it with gusto, just like the Fijians. Fijians adore children and will love them as their own. Often Fijians are like big kids themselves. There’s nothing more endearing than hearing a grown Fijian man giggle.

Make use of the resort’s fabulous kid’s clubs and nannies; you can feel confident your kids are in the best of hands.

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American In the 19th century Meyers Konversations-Lexikon —90 , Caucasoid was one of the three great races of humankind, alongside Mongoloid and Negroid. The taxon was taken to consist of a number of subtypes. The Caucasoid peoples were usually divided into three groups on ethnolinguistic grounds, termed Aryan Indo-European , Semitic Semitic languages , and Hamitic Hamitic languages i.

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These people, the ancient ancestors of the archipelago’s contemporary Chamorro population, were accomplished horticulturalists, mariners and fishermen who skilfully adapted to an environment made challenging by periodic droughts and powerful tropical storms. After evolving over a period of three millennia in relative isolation, the Chamorro had the doubtful honour of being the first people of Oceania to receive European callers during the early sixteenth century.

Click on the above map for a larger and more detailed map The Chamorro were the indigenous population of the Mariana Islands when Magellan first visited Guam in It was not until however that the Jesuits and soldiery set about converting and subduing the islanders. Several great typhoons at the end of the 17th century were nature’s footnote to the carnage. By an estimated population of , Chamorro had been reduced to little more than 3, A few Chamorro escaped to the neighbouring Caroline Islands where they kept their identity as a people.

This massive population loss had been commonly attributed to a policy to genocide supposedly carried out by the Spanish military. This explanation is not in keeping with the historical facts as the principle aim of the Spanish mission was not the extermination of the Chamorro population but rather its religious conversion. It is more likely that high mortality rate of the late 17th century can be attributed directly to the introduction of deadly diseases into the archipelago in conjunction with the concentration of the scattered Chamorro population into mission villages.

To facilitate religious and cultural conversion, scattered Chamorro populations were concentrated into mission villages, a practice referred to as the reduccion. This sketch, dating to the 19th century depicts a typical historic period settlement. Drawing based on a photograph by A.

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Humanity has passed through three major evolutionary phases – hunter gatherer , agricultural and technological. It is difficult to generalise on human lifestyles as adaptation to the environment is a continual, cultural and learned process. Instead of genetic adaptation, cultural adaptation has been important.

fm is the country code top-level domain for the Federated States of Micronesia, an independent island nation located in the Pacific Ocean.. Except for reserved names ,, and others, any person in the world can register domain for a fee, much of the income from which goes to the government and people of the islands.

Jeff’s Steeped in history The municipality of Talofofo is located in south-central Guam on the eastern coast of the island. The area extends from the shore and deep into the interior valleys along the Ugum and Talofofo Rivers. Grasslands, rolling hills and small limestone outcrops, as well as sandstone, and a red clay are part of the landscape found in the Talofofo vicinity.

Several small rivers drain into the Talofofo River valley. In addition to the varied soil, the vegetation is also somewhat varied, including high grass, copses of limonchina and occasional large trees. Some of the wood areas include limonchina, vines, cycads, pandanus and ferns. The interior lands of Talofofo are believed to have been occupied since at least 1, years ago—maybe as far back as AD, according to carbon dates from the Talofofo Golf Resort area.

Occupation continued through the Latte era, through the Spanish era to modern times with various levels of utilization of the land over time. Archeologists believe most of the pre-Spanish era inhabitants lived in settlements along the Ugum and Talofofo Rivers. Artifacts in the Talofofo Caves indicate these sites were occupied and used as well, if only seasonally or for short periods at a time. Within the Talofofo vicinity were numerous named settlements, including Pigpug.

The Chamorros, aware of the impending battle, had set up ambushes and traps along the way. They rained lances and slingstones upon the invading Spanish soldiers but ultimately were defeated. The Carolinians were on a trading mission to obtain iron.

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